Is it an ice cave or glacier cave? What's the difference? Let's take a look and see why it's possible to have an adventure at either one year-round.
An ice cave can be any type of cave that has ice in it year-round. They are most often limestone caves or lava tubes. The reason they have ice in them year-round is because they are always cold. This is because cold air settles down while warm air rises.
In the winter, freezing cold air enters the
cave and is trapped, keeping the cave cold ̶
even during the summer. I've been in a small lava tube in Lava Beds
National Monument that had a large amount of ice in it while it was
To have ice, you also need water. Limestone caves are usually formed by water from underground rivers and water seeping in from the surface. So it's easy to see how this water would freeze once it enters the cave. Lava tubes can get water in them by rain water entering through the entrance or through cracks and fissures in the ceiling.
Ice can also form temporarily in sea caves. In some areas during the winter, it can get so cold that sea water (or lake water in the case of the Lake Superior Ice Caves) can freeze inside the caves, forming icicles and other formations.
The largest ice containing cave in the world is Eisriesenwelt in the Austrian Alps. It's name is German for “world of the ice giants.” It's over 42 kilometers long and as it's name implies, it contains very large ice formations.
Glacier caves are caves that are made entirely of ice. They form inside of glaciers by the ice melting and running under or through the glacier, melting more ice and allowing air to flow through ̶ which can enlarge it even more. Because the glacier is moving and the ice is melting, these caves are very unstable.
Paradise Glacier on Mt Rainier in Washington once contained the longest glacier caves in the world. Today, they are gone. Because of their unstable nature, most glacier caves are best left to avid mountain-climbers. However, while not true glacier caves, Big Four Ice Caves in Washington allow the average adventurer to see caves that are entirely made of ice.
Whether you want to cool off in the summertime or brave a frozen landscape in the winter, ice or glacier caves offer a chilling adventure any time of the year.
Chiang Dao Cave has been known for over 1000 years and is one of the most visited caves in Thailand. Find out why it should be in your travel plans.
Are you in Chiang Mai, Thailand and looking for a little adventure? Muang On Cave is less than an hour away.
The caves of Thailand house not only bats and beautiful limestone formations but also Buddhist shrines and monks.
Washington caves are usually ice caves or lava tubes. You can see both...if you're careful!
History and beauty in Ohio caves and caverns are hidden below the corn fields and green grass of this state. Here is where they are both exposed.